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German Standard DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05


1. Standard—DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05 fire test for railway component
DIN 5510-2: preventive fire protect in railway vehicle parts 2: Fire behaviour and fireside effects of material and parts

Effective Date:
This standard since May 1, 2009 entered into force

Introduction Date:
Since May 1, 2012, the May 1, 2009 after the development of the vehicle must follow the standards.

Transition period:
Latest from 1 May 2014, the remains can only supply to meet the standards of vehicles.


2. Standard Scope -- DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05 fire test for railway component
This standard applies to vehicle, these vehicles including railway construction and operation of the provisions of (EBO), narrow-gauge railway construction and operating requirements (ESBO), magnetic levitation railway construction and operation of the provisions of (MbBO) and the tram construction and operation requirements (BOSstrab) The effective range. This standard has provided the following objectives:
- The phenomenon of combustion characteristics and burn complicated classification
- Have the necessary test methods
- To prevent fire, on the manufacture of vehicles, materials and components used in the combustion characteristics and burn complicated by the phenomenon of necessary requirements.


3. Standard Brief- DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05 fire test for railway component
DIN 5510-2 determination the fire classification of railway vehicle material and structure by burning buhaviour, smoke density, dropping behaviour and toxic.


4. DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05 the main concerns:


4.1    Reaction to fire

4. 1.1.  S1 Fire testing—small switches, armrest, etc, small parts.
Test method: DIN 53438-1、DIN 53438-2、DIN 53438-3
Classification: S1


4. 1.2.  S2-S5 Fire testing—except flooring cover
Test method: Testing of materials, small components and component section for rail vehicles—Determination of burning behavior using a gas burner.
Classification: S2-S5

Flammability class

S2

S3

S4

S5

Length of destroyed area

30cm

25cm

20cm

0cm

Afterflame time 

No requirement

100s

10s

0s


Drop forming Class

ST1

ST2

Observation

Burns while falling or dripping

Does not fall or drip or burn while falling or dripping


Smoke generation Class

SR1

SR2

Integral of smoke obscuration

100%.min

50%.min


4. 1.3.  Flooring cover fire testing

Test method: EN ISO 9239-1 or DIN 4102-14

Classification: SF1-SF3

Classification

SF1

SF2

SF3

Critical heat flux

2.5KW/m2

2.5KW/m2

4.5KW/m2

Smoke obscuration

No requirement

2500%*min

750%*min


4. 1.4.   Seat for fire testing
Test method: DIN EN 1201-1 and DIN EN 1201-2


4. 1.5.   Electrical equipment
Test method: DIN EN ISO 4589-2 or DIN EN 60695-11-10
Classification: Oxygen index ≥28% or 30%


4. 1.6.   Cable fire testing
Test method:
EN 50266-2-5:2001: Common test methods for cable under fire condition—Test for vertical flame spread of vertically-mounted bunched wires or cables –Part 2-5: Procedures –Small cables-Category D
DIN EN 60332-1-2:2004 Tests on electric and optical fibre cables under fire conditions—Part 1-2: Test for vertical flame propagation for a single insulated wire or cable.
DIN EN 61034-2: Measurement of smoke density of cables burning under defined conditions---Part 2: Test procedure and requirement.

4.2.   Smoke development
Test method: DIN 54837
Classification: Not reached SR1,SR1、SR2
Not reached SR1: >100(%*min);SR1: ≤100(%*min);SR2: ≤50(%*min)


4.3.   Droplet
Test method: DIN 54837
Classification: Not reached ST1-ST2


4.4.   Toxicity testing
Test method: DIN EN ISO 5659-2
Requirement: FED(tzul)<1


4.5.   DIN 5510-2 the main concerns:
Flammability:S1-S5,SF1-SF3
Smoke development:SR1-SR2
Dropping:ST1-ST2
Smoke density and toxicity :DIN EN 5659-2
Vertical single Cable fire testing :DIN EN 60332-1-2
Vertical bunch Cable fire testing:DIN EN 50266-2-4 /DIN EN 50266-2-5
Smoke density of cable fire testing:DIN EN 61034-2


5. DIN 5510-2:2009 the main fire test standard:
DIN 54837 Determination of burning behaviour a gas burner
ISO 9239-1 Reaction to fire tests for flooring
DIN 53438 Testing of small materials
DIN ISO 5659 Smoke density and Toxicity
DIN EN 1021-1 Seat testing
DIN EN 60332-1-2 Vertical single Cable fire testing
DIN EN 50266-2-4
DIN EN 50266-2-5 Vertical bunch Cable fire testing
DIN EN 61034-2 Smoke density of cable fire testing


6. Application DIN5510-2 / DIN 5510-2:2009-05 fire testing materials:
Rubber Product、Rubber seal
Ceiling Covering
Walling Covering
Textile、Non-woven fabrics Curtain、Curtain、Adumbral Product
Seat shell、Seat trim
Flooring Covering、PVC Flooring covering
Cable、Cable tie、Cable tube
Foam material、Sponge、Melamine Foam
Paint、Adhesive、Pigment、Varnish
FRP composite materials、SMC sheet
Braided hose、Hose protection
Window、door 、framework
Small parts
Connector、Connected equipment
pipe、corrugate pipe、Heating pipe、Cooling pipe
Other materials
 

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Address:16F Deying Mansion, No.118 Middle Jiangdong Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu,China  Tel:(+86) 25-8658 3475
Fax:(+86) 25-8658 3457    Email:[email protected]